4 Things To Know About How Back-End Development Works
In software engineering, constructing an app consists of creating a front-end and back-end. In layman’s terms, the front-end is the client, while the back-end is the server in the client-server model. This is an important aspect of software architecture, since front-end development focuses on supplying components needed to create a user-friendly interface, while the back-end deals primarily with data storage and logic functions. In essence, the back-end is looked at by software engineers and designers as the part of an app that gives the front-end life. Along with this, many other components come together regarding back-end development, including these four important areas.
Content Management and Speech Synthesis
In regards to back-end development, content management and speech synthesis are two of the most important areas in which it plays a significant role. For example, in content management systems, back-end development deals with the administrative and end-user facing view of the system, which enables the back-end to launch the programs of the operating system. As for speech synthesis, while front-end development converts input text into symbolic phonetics the program can understand, back-end development converts the symbolic phonetics into actual sounds.
Remains Hidden to Users
In any program or app, what the user actually sees and uses is considered the front-end, while the part of the program or app that stays hidden to users is the back-end. However, it is important to note that back-end development does not stay hidden from software developers or system administrators, since it is the back-end that will allow IT personnel to make changes or updates to the system as needed. Though staying hidden, back-end development is responsible for allowing users to access information contained on a website. In fact, regardless of whatever information is contained on an app, back-end development is responsible for ensuring users are able to access the information as quickly and easily as possible.
Finding Specific Information
In even the simplest of computer programs or apps, the database of information used for the program is often enormous and extremely detailed. As a result, the operating system will require software development techniques that allow for quick searches that can combine different aspects of data and present it to users. Arguably, this is the most important duty of back-end development, since finding specific information is critical to a user having a positive experience on an app or website. To make sure this process is as effortless as possible, software developers structure the design of the program or app to reflect as accurately as possible the most-asked questions the program will be asked over its lifespan. However, since it is likely the questions may change somewhat over time, the back-end development allows developers to use what is known as a “skeleton system” to introduce new questions or job orders into the code written for the program or app.
Application Programming Interfaces
To make sure the correct information is given back to a user once they have asked the program or app a particular question, back-end development relies on application programming interfaces, more commonly known as API. Considered to be translators much like a person would be who was interpreting a foreign language to another person, API is responsible for translating computer code into human language. Once this is done, the back-end development and API will create a translation of data that results in various visual elements being made visible to a user of a program or app, which may include buttons, pictures, menus, texts, and other features. To accomplish this, programmers generally look to use certain programming languages that are known for intuitiveness, such as SQL, Java, PHP, and Python.
Since there are many pros and cons associated with the many aspects of back-end development, it is important for programmers and developers to take many aspects into consideration. Because the ultimate goal is to make the user experience as easy as possible, developers attempt to utilize whatever aspects they feel will be most compatible within the program’s language and architecture. Whether it is developing a children’s video game, a corporate website, or a scientific site that contains extremely complex information, back-end development plays a crucial role in the finished product seen by users of websites and apps.