Chemicals are hazardous and could have significant effects on the finances, health, environment as well as infrastructure. To such a degree, the federal government have formulated legislative directives and regulations to govern the transportation of hazardous substances. Additionally, there are international regulations and directives that govern transport of hazardous chemicals through roads, air, railways, and seas. These regulations include the following:
International Maritime Dangerous goods – This provides regulations and governs transportation of chemicals through seas.
Dangerous Goods Regulation – provides codes and regulations of transportation of dangerous goods through air.
Convention Covering International Carried of Goods – they ensure that hazardous chemicals are transported safely through rail.
Knowing the regulations and codes that apply in transportation of chemicals isn’t enough. It is crucial to be aware of the exact dangers that can occur due to poor transportation of chemicals. Note that chemicals can be explosive, flammable, radioactive, toxic, corrosive, and oxidizing. Chemical transport can be either on-site or off – site transport. There are different risks that can occur when the two are being moved. Therefore, it is vital to be aware of the most effective practice to reduce the incidents of chemical accidents.
The following procedures should be followed in the safety transportation of chemicals that have been classified as NOT hazardous.
Chemicals (liquids or solids) should always be transported through a secondary storage container to prevent the occurrence of spillage when breakage occurs. The secondary storage container must be capable of containing the chemicals in case the primary container breaks. It is important to ensure the secondary container contains absorbent materials to absorb chemical liquids.
The materials should be kept in a pleasant place to prevent breakage during transportation. Additionally, it is recommended if the materials are transported at the bed of a pick-up truck or within the trunk. Moreover, the government requires transportation of chemical materials through approved vehicles such as university vans and other industrial vehicles specialized in the activity.
The following should be followed when transporting hazardous chemicals:
It is crucial to follow the segregation and separation rules when transporting several chemicals. This prevents mixture between various chemicals which could lead to explosion, corrosion and other chemical accidents.
Some chemicals like potassium and sodium are explosive when mixed with water. Avoid transportation of hazardous chemicals with food, water, and other reactive substances.
Ensure that the chemicals being moved are firm and secure. This prevents them from shaking or falling. Some chemicals react to increased movement and can lead to chemical accidents.
Ensure that the primary and secondary cans used to transport hazardous chemicals are unreactive. Some chemicals react with certain elements and can be corrosive and cause spillage which can result to environmental dangers. This means that only approved chemists should perform the packaging.
For reliable transportation of chemicals, the government requires you to have a record of the chemicals you are carrying plus their risks. This is to facilitate assessment and verification.
Ensure the vehicle transporting the chemicals is equipped with the necessary danger signs. If you are transporting a corrosive substance, the government requires you to indicate that in a visible place so that other motorists can see. Moreover, ensure the driver has the correct driving license and is approved to transport chemicals.
The following should be followed when transporting on-site chemicals:
This is very crucial since it involves the necessary personnel transporting chemicals from one room to another.
When moving hazardous chemicals, always use a secondary storage can that can uphold the materials in case the primary can break.
Use the appropriate and recommended transporting equipment.
Use the segregation and separation procedure when handling a couple of chemicals. Some chemicals are reactive when mixed up together. This could lead to explosion or corrosion.
Always carry a spill management kit for assistance in case of any chemical accident during on-site transportation.
Unique individuals with appropriate on-site chemical transportation skills should be allowed to move hazardous chemicals. Additionally, they should grind the appropriate chemical gear for safety purposes.
Poor transportation of chemicals could cause adverse effects on the environment and pose some health risks. However, by following the safety and successful chemical transportation guidelines in this article, the risks can be minimized.