There are a huge number of roofing styles and materials to choose from, each with their own set of advantages and disadvantages. Some are particularly good in specific regions or environments, while others offer primarily aesthetic benefits. Some of them even include unusual elements, such as living plants, that offer special advantages. People who are building their home or just shopping for one need to have a firm understanding of the different styles so they can make an informed choice and get a roof that will work for them. It may seem complicated, but just a little bit of reading goes a long way towards understanding the options.
Gable roofs are among the most popular, especially in areas that have a lot of rain or snow. They have a triangular shape with relatively steep slope, which makes them perform for shedding water and snow quickly. That prevents it from accumulating enough weight to cause the roof to collapse, which can be a vital safety feature in some areas.
The downside to this style is that they often struggle to cope with high winds. Flimsy models can collapse in hurricanes and other major storms, and even the good ones are prone to losing shingles. Variants with large overhangs can even peel off of the house if the winds push up on them. People in areas with extreme winds should opt for another style, but those who have to deal with heavy rain and snow should seriously consider gables.
Flat roofs are the opposite of gables. They are not purely flat, since they have a slight pitch to help water roll off, but they still accumulate snow and water much more quickly than other options. That makes them much more popular in arid areas than in wet ones, but they can be found in most regions.
This style is a great choice for people who want to put things on top of their roof. After all, it is easier to walk on a flat roof than a sloped one. You can also mount cooling units and some other appliances on them to keep them handy without having to deal with looking at them regularly.
Hipped roofs are shaped like pyramids. Every side is a slope, and they meet in a central tip. Pyramids are extremely stable, and the slopes are fairly good at shedding precipitation. That makes this one of the sturdiest options. The interior space tends to be fairly large, so smart builders can use this style to ensure that the home has a spacious attic or some extra living space.
On the other hand, these roofs are more difficult and expensive to build than most other options. Some of them can also be prone to leaking, although that is not true of every hipped roof. The cost is the main factor, and builders should think carefully to decide if the advantages of this style are worth it.
Curved roofs, including barrel roofs and domes, are an unusual choice. Many of the people who choose them do it because they want their home to stand out, and this is a great way to get a distinctive building without looking too outlandish. It also changes the appearance of the interior of the home, and most people will find it a little bit unusual to look up at a curved roof for the first time. The precise design varies, and this style is easy to customize to fit the environment or style of home.
A green roof is a unique option that has a layer of plants on top of the structure. Grass is the most common plant, but alternatives are available, including vegetables. Most of them are flat, but some can survive on mild slopes.
This is another option that works well for people who want to stand out, but it also has practical benefits. Plants excel at absorbing water, and the entire structure provides a huge amount of added insulation to the building. People who grow useful plants can even tak eadvantage of the extra garden space to help feed themselves and their families!